Davies Atomic Hydrogen Boiler/Reactor

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Davies Atomic Hydrogen Boiler/Reactor

                                       

Fact: Molecular hydrogen injected through a Plasma field generated by passing a high voltage and high frequency pulse of current between two tungsten electrodes can produce temperatures exceeding

4000 Celsius = 7232 Degree Fahrenheit.

Fact: Water spontaneously dissociates into hydrogen and oxygen gas @ temperatures above 2500 °C.

At this temperature (4532 F and above), electrical input is reduced or unnecessary because water breaks down to hydrogen and oxygen through thermolysis. To a large extent the reaction is self-sustaining.

Fact: Water vapor or steam passing through a plasma field explodes. In theory, the water vapor first reaches 4532 ° F at which point it becomes atomic hydrogen and atomic oxygen gas. When these gases combine and revert to their molecular form enormous heat energy is released (or absorbed from the environment). In theory, the protons of the atomic hydrogen are unpaired and that creates an unbalanced, highly unstable status that is not sustainable. Energy must flow in to balance the equation. According to Tom Bearden and with reference to the work of William Lyne:

This means that the charge really does continuously absorb virtual photon energy from the vacuum, coherently integrate it into observable photons, and re-emit that EM energy as real, observable photons radiating in all directions at light speed. This radiated real EM energy establishes and continuously replenishes the associated fields and potentials of the source charge, radially outward at light speed. So atomic hydrogen (the proton) does indeed continuously extract virtual energy from the active vacuum, integrate it into real observable energy, and radiate that real EM energy outward.”

What we see in practice is that the resulting energy in the form of heat exceeds the total joules of electrical input energy (to pulse the plasma arc) by a factor of 1200 to 1 or more. Only a tiny amount of hydrogen gas is “consumed” and the total amount of BTU’s contained in this molecular hydrogen gas that is released when burned is negligible.

Again, IN THEORY, it might be possible to capture the molecular hydrogen and recycle it. However, IMHO the expense and complication is not worth the meager gains in efficiency.

THIS PROCESS IS ALREADY WAY OVER UNITY ACCORDING TO ARCHAIC PHYSICS TAUGHT FOR GENERATIONS.

According to Wikipedia: In physics, the law of conservation of energy states that the total energy of an isolated system remains constant, it is said to be conserved over time.[1] This law means that energy can neither be created nor destroyed; rather, it can only be transformed from one form to another.

Emphasis by the writer.

IMHO,

SINCE ENERGY IN THIS FORM SURROUNDS AND PENETRATES ALL SPACE AND PHYSICAL MATTER, in this instance we are not working with an isolated system. Radiant or Zero Point Energy permeates the entire Universe.

A more realistic way to look at this process is to compare it to a heat pump circulating water through a heat sump (deep sub-frost level earth). The water is the medium of heat transfer from heat collected from deep ground or from a geothermal pool and circulated to a heat exchanger. Essentially, the earth is a giant and nearly inexhaustible heat sink or repository of heat energy that can be tapped to provide virtual over-unity results on the order of one input energy quantum to three or more output quanta to heat a house.

The electric current needed to power the Plasma ignition system is equivalent to the circulation pump. The hydrogen is the carrier medium.

In any case, the hydrogen and oxygen recombine to form superheated steam.

The purpose of my Atomic Hydrogen Boiler is to produce instantaneous volumes of superheated steam in the most efficient manor that the Universe allows.

So long as hydrogen gas is injected under pressure through my Plasma Injector Plug the process, above, should continue to produce steam. The biggest challenge may be how to automatically maintain sustainable temperatures that do not melt the boiler. The Reactor Chamber will require a high temperature resistant ceramic insulation (lining) and may require a sealed, high pressure water jacket that can provide a source of hot water for domestic hot water needs.

So long as water continues to flow around the Reactor chamber it can remove heat sufficient to prevent meltdown. The “cooling” water itself can then increase to the temperature and pressure that is ideal for Flash Steam to occur. Note that this temperature is well below the melting point of steel.

As the pressure increases the boiling temperature increases and the latent heat of vaporization decreases.

A further increase in pressure and temperature leads us to a point at which the latent heat of vaporization is zero, or there is no boiling. Water flashes directly into steam. This is the Critical Pressure and the Critical Temperature. For steam this occurs at 374 deg C (705° F and 220.6 bar which is equal to 3200 PSI).

To explain this state clearly it means that water at this temperature
and above and under this high pressure is prevented from boiling and
becoming steam. But, when a tiny amount of this superheated, high
pressure water is released into a low pressure zone like the cylinder
of a steam engine it instantly expands into steam. This is very
efficient as only a tiny amount of water is required to produce
nearly 1700 times the water volume in high pressure steam. 
Another fact to keep in mind is that the efficiency of steam engines
climbs the higher the pressure of the steam that drives the engine.
Also, the power at a given RPM increases exponentially as the steam
pressure increases for the same size steam engine.

The downside is that many steam engines aren’t designed to handle
over 200 PSI while the actual functional steam pressure of this
boiler may be in excess of 1000 PSI.


Efficient, High Pressure Steam Generation Plants

At higher temperatures and pressures steam engines require lubrication. However, two possible alternatives may solve the problem of lubrication. Special graphene coated pistons and cylinders made out of special ceramic composites can withstand heat and are nearly friction free at the moderate RPM’s that steam engines operate best at.

Advanced Monatomic Hydrogen Reactor

In 1926 Dr. Irving Langmuir discovered an anomaly:

When hydrogen is passed through an electric arc it is converted from molecular Hydrogen to H1 or atomic hydrogen.
Atomic hydrogen has unusual properties:

When it is ignited and the flame directed against a catalytic metal an enormous amount of heat is liberated as the H1 hydrogen converts back to H2 (molecular hydrogen).
The source of this excess energy has not been explained by current scientific theories however scientists like Maxwell and inventors like Nikola Tesla believe that it is drawn from Zero Point Energy, ZPE that permeates the aether.
The 
Zero Point Radiation field was discovered by Dutch physicist M.J. Spamaay during the 1920’s.


The atomic hydrogen process was first discovered by a scientist, Dr. Irving Langmuir in 1926. See http://www.lateralscience.co.uk/AtomicH/atomicH.html  for details.

Since modern science doesn’t acknowledge the existence of ZPR much of the research of Langmuir showing over-unity power production has been ignored (or repressed) for over eighty years. Yet, as you will see, Dr. Langmuir and later scientists have proven that the process of generating atomic hydrogen and catalyzing it back to H2 (molecular hydrogen) results in an energy gain substantially beyond 1000 times the measured input energy.

Another inventor built and patented an atomic hydrogen welding torch (1933) based on his discovery that when Oxygen is passed through the electric arc along with the Hydrogen a number of complex chemical reactions result.

Flame temperature can reach 4000 degrees Centigrade or higher.
That’s hot enough to melt tungsten. Surprisingly, the mixture doesn’t explode 
as it passes through the arc. While the atomic hydrogen flame is hot enough
to burn through firebrick the tip of the torch itself is just warm to the touch.
Enormous energy is released in the form of heat that exceeds the expected 
amount of burning H2 in air by about 853 times. 

According to William Lyne, this factor of 853 times more energy is
doubled when Oxygen is passed through the arc at the same time. Thus:

H.sub.2.fwdarw.H+H absorbing 101,000 cal.per gram mole
O.sub.2.fwdarw.O+O absorbing 117,000 cal.per gram mole
total 218,000 cal.per gram mole.

As mentioned above, the heat energy released exceeds the expected energy
from both the electrical energy of the arc plus the combustion energy of H
2 by
at least 850 times not even counting the Oxygen effect.

But, here’s the thing; if you are satisfied with an over-unity or unearned gain 850+ times the measured and paid-for input energy (the energy to maintain the electric arc), you can inject pure hydrogen into an anaerobic reactor chamber by using my Plasma Injector Plug with tungsten electrodes.

Under these conditions the molecular hydrogen drops down to the atomic hydrogen or even lower energy state. In this state it ceases to be identifiable as a hydrogen atom. This ultra-low energy state is unbalanced and in terms of the Universe it must absorb sufficient radiant energy from the ether to restore it to its original molecular hydrogen state.

A researcher, Randell Mills, calls these sub-hydrogen particles “hydrinos”. In my humble opinion they are identical to the mysterious energy produced by the Joe Cell, invented by Joe Booker.

Joe’s videos describe using solid aluminum tubing that connects to his Joe Cell at one end and to a blind (solid) fitting at the base of the carburetor on older car engines. Little if any hydrogen gas is produced by a correctly designed Joe Cell and, of course, no gas can flow through the solid fittings.

He reports that he gets the best and fastest results with aluminum block engines. According to Ken Adachi, who has successfully replicated Joe Booker’s Joe Cell results:

The Joe Energy Cell is NOT a hydrogen fuel cell. It's an Orgone Energy Accumulator in which water is acting as the medium which captures the orgone and allows it to be transduced into the engine. 

On the other hand, Randell Mills believes that his hydrinos are “shrunken hydrogen atoms (his high-tech term, not mine). Furthermore, Mills believes that these hydrinos are so tiny they penetrate metal, glass, and virtually every material but, that with certain metals the hydrinos are drawn into a hydride type metal like aluminum, nickel or platinum until the gas accumulates to the extent of one atom of hydrogen for every atom of metal.

Because the electrons are compressed to a tinier orbit around hydrinos than in the hydrogen gas form, the gas is denser in the hydride matrix than that of liquid molecular hydrogen. So, now imagine that Joe Booker’s Joe Cell is pumping hydrinos into the heavy aluminum engine block and that this energy multiplies by over 850 times as the hydrinos expand and revert back to their stable molecular hydrogen state. To accomplish this balancing act the ether spontaneously supplies a continuous, unlimited amount of energy until stasis is achieved. We may call this Zero Point Energy or radiant energy; or, if you prefer, Orgone.

We know this energy exists empirically by observing the anomalous increase in heat that accompanies the transformation. The fact that dogmatic, uninformed current day scientists do not know how to measure this energy does not mean that it doesn’t exist!

According to the writer and researcher, William Lyne, helium can also be used as the energy gateway to the ether except that the increase in energy as helium goes from the atomic state to its stable energy state is many times greater than for hydrogen. Lyne claims that the increase in heat is so gargantuan that it would be extremely dangerous.                                                                                                            

The other point to keep in mind is that NO HYDROGEN IS COMBUSTED OR DESTROYED IN THIS PROCESS!

Mills reports that this is no longer theory but that his company, Brilliant Light Power has proven it in the laboratory and is engaged in finding practical applications.

Davies’s business, Zorrion Energy Trust, has already designed and built the Atomic Hydrogen Boiler/Reactor seen above and described in this short report.